Linux更新镜像源

前言

整理了常见Linux系统更换镜像源步骤;

ubuntu

  1. 命令行打开sources.list文件

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    sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  2. 修改sources.list文件

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    #  阿里镜像源
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse

    # 中科大镜像源
    deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

    # 清华镜像源
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

    # 163镜像源
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
  3. 更新源

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    sudo apt update
  4. 查看可更新软件

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    apt list --upgradable
  5. 进行更新操作

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    sudo apt upgrade
  6. 清除不需要的旧组件

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    sudo apt autoremove

CentOS

  1. 备份/删除旧的镜像源

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    mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
  2. 下载新的镜像源

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    wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-5.repo

    不同镜像源的下载网址如下

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    # 阿里云镜像源
    http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo
    http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
    http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-8.repo

    # 网易镜像源
    http://mirrors.163.com/.help/repo/Centos-6.repo
    http://mirrors.163.com/.help/repo/Centos-7.repo
    http://mirrors.163.com/.help/repo/Centos-8.repo

    更换清华的镜像源需要直接编辑/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo文件,编辑内容点击参考

  3. 更新镜像源

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    #清除缓存
    yum clean all
    #生成缓存
    yum makecache
    #更新包
    yum update

Kali

  1. 命令行打开sources.list文件

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    vim /etc/apt/sources.list
  2. 修改sources.list文件

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    # 阿里云镜像源
    deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

    # 清华镜像源
    deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free

    # 中科大镜像源
    deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
    deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
    deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali-security kali-current/updates main contrib non-free
    deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali-security kali-current/updates main contrib non-free

    # kali官方镜像源
    deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
    deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

    # 默认,注释即可
    # deb http://security.kali.org/kali-security kali-rolling/updates main contrib non-free
    # deb-src http://security.kali.org/kali-security kali-rolling/updates main contrib non-free
  3. 更新源

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    sudo apt update
  4. 查看可更新软件

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    apt list --upgradable
  5. 进行更新操作

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    sudo apt upgrade
  6. 清除不需要的旧组件

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    sudo apt autoremove

本文标题: Linux更新镜像源

文章作者: 李钰璕

发布时间: 2020年01月14日 - 13:16

最后更新: 2020年04月02日 - 14:37

原始链接: https://www.leeyuxun.icu/Linux更换源.html

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